The Global Gender Gap Index 2012

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World Economic Forum - Geneva Switzerland
Ricardo Hausmann, Harvard University
Laura D. Tyson, University of California, Berkeley
Saadia Zahidi, World Economic Forum
 ".......The Global Gender Gap Index is a framework for capturing the magnitude and scope of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress. 

 The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups, and over time. 

The rankings are designed to create greater awareness among a global audience of the challenges posed by gender gaps and the opportunities created by reducing them. The methodology and quantitative analysis behind the rankings are intended to serve as a basis for designing effective measures for reducing gender gaps.

 ".....The Index is designed to measure gender-based gaps in access to resources and opportunities in individual countries rather than the actual levels of the available resources and opportunities in those countries. 

".....The Global Gender Gap Report's index assesses 135 countries, representing more than 93% of the world's population, on how well resources and opportunities are divided among male and female populations. The report measures the size of the gender inequality gap in four areas:

 - Economic participation and opportunity - salaries, participation and highly-skilled employment

- Education - access to basic and higher levels of education

- Political empowerment - representation in decision-making structures

- Health and survival - life expectancy and sex ratio

Read the full report.