Research Findings

Starting aerobics two weeks after a stroke can improve mobility

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Treadmill training and stationary cycling just two weeks after a stroke can help patients become fitter, walk further and enjoy better cardiovascular health than those who remain inactive, according to a CIHR-funded study at Toronto Rehab Institute led by Drs. Dina Brooks (University of Toronto) and William McIlroy (University of Waterloo). "We need to build awareness of just how important exercise is, because it’s a non-pharmacological intervention that virtually everybody can benefit from," says Dr. Brooks. The Toronto Rehab team is one of the few groups in the world exploring the benefits of early aerobic exercise for people with stroke.  Read the complete article.

2008 Breast Cancer Wait Times in Canada Report Card

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Wait times still too long for Canadian women diagnosed with breast cancer

New data collected by the Canadian Breast Cancer Network (CBCN) shows that not all Canadian women are receiving equal access to breast cancer treatment. The CBCN presented the 2008 Breast Cancer Wait Times in Canada Report Card findings at the 5th World Conference on Breast Cancer in Winnipeg. 

A Profile of Clinical Depression in Canada

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The RDC Synthesis Series brings together research findings on specific topics from studies of Statistics Canada census and survey data carried out primarily in Research Data Centres across Canada. Designed for policy-makers and other non-specialists, these reports also aim to inform specialists across Canada of others working in their field. This issue focuses on major depression, presenting findings from analyses of NPHS and CCHS survey data and discussing their policy implications.  Read the report.

Life after Teenage Motherhood

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Teenage childbearing is linked to lower educational achievements, which may lead to longer-term effects on labour force participation and rates of living in low income, according to a new study from Statistics Canada. However, teenage mothers and adult mothers with similar levels of education also had similar labour market participations and rates of living in low income, suggesting that education is more important in determining labour force participation and income in the long run.         

Read the report.

11/06/2008

Health Indicators 2008

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Health Indicators 2008 is the ninth in a series of annual reports containing the most recently available health indicators data from the Canadian Institute for Health Information and Statistics Canada. This issue also includes an analytical section that provides an in-depth analysis of the hospitalization rates for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSC); this indicator represents hospitalizations for chronic conditions that can be potentially managed and controlled in the community. 

Daily Struggles: The Deepening Racialization and Feminization of Poverty in Canada

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Daily Struggles opens with theoretical frameworks that examine the racialization processes at work in Canada, with special attention to the consequences relevant to gender. The social construction of "race" and its subsequent devaluation and marginalization has several implications for racialized individuals, especially racialized women. In addition, this text examines the economic consequences of race and gender are profiled;  how poverty, race, and gender are criminalized; the ways in which racialized people-specifically women-are socially constructed to experience their lives as second-class Canadian citizens; and the additional consequences of the racialized and gendered nature of poverty-consequences that have a fundamental impact on quality of life.

Improving Contraceptive Use In the United States

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Using any form of contraception dramatically reduces a woman’s chance of having an unintended pregnancy, and the most effective methods virtually eliminate that risk. But finding the right method can be challenging for many women, and using contraceptives consistently and correctly over a lifetime is difficult. The typical American woman, who only wants two children, spends about three decades trying to avoid pregnancy and only a few years trying to become or being pregnant.  To identify possible strategies for improving contraceptive use in the United States, two nationally representative surveys investigated women’s contraceptive experiences and clinicians’ delivery of relevant care.  Read the new Guttmacher research

Maternal Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants Linked to Urologic Conditions in Boys

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Higher incidences of congenital anomalies, including cryptorchidism (undescended testicles) and hypospadias, were found in boys whose mothers had higher serum levels of certain organochlorine compounds, researchers say. Two separate studies presented today during the Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA) in Orlando confirmed existing hypotheses that maternal exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals – including total polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs, such as Arochlor) and organochlorinated pesticides (such as dichlorodiphenyl-trichloroethane, or DDT) may contribute to an increased incidence of these conditions.  Read the report

Drug Expenditure in Canada, 1985 to 2007

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Total drug spending in Canada is estimated to have reached $26.9 billion in 2007, according to figures released today by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). This represents an estimated annual growth rate of 7.2%, an increase of approximately $2 billion over 2006. Spending on prescribed drugs continues to grow faster than spending on non-prescribed drugs and is estimated to have reached 84% of the total drug bill in 2007. The annual growth rate for prescribed drug spending in 2007 (7.5%) is expected to be lower than it was between 1997 and 2006, when the average annual growth rate was 10.5%.  Available on-line.

Population Health Policy: Issues and Options

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Fourth Report of the Subcommittee on Population Health of the Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology

The National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health - NNDH, Canada April 2008

This report purpose is to: outline the major issues facing the development of population health policy in Canada; present policy options to improve overall health status and  reduce health disparities; and launch a public debate on the role of the federal government in the development and implementation of population health policy.

Available online PDF file.

14/05/2008

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