Gender-based analysis

Gender-based analysis

WHO gender policy: Integrating gender perspectives in the work of the WHO

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Online
Author: 
World Health Organization
Publisher: 
World Health Organization
Publication Date: 
January 2002
Publication Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland

WHO has identified gender as an issue cutting across all of its programmes and activities. In 2002, the Director-General of WHO issued a policy statement highlighting a strong and visible political commitment to promoting gender equity in health.

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"En-gendering" the millenium development goals on health

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
Department of Gender, Women and Health, World Health Organization
Publisher: 
World Health Organization
Publication Date: 
2003
Publication Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland

This document identifies areas where gender considerations may have a bearing on work towards the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) (numbers 1, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8). The MDGs acknowledge that gender can have a major impact on development, helping to promote it in some cases while seriously retarding it in others. MDG number 3 is, in fact, specifically about gender equality (and women's empowerment), calling for an end to disparities between boys and girls at all levels of education.

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Gender in tuberculosis research

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
Department of Gender, Women and Health, World Health Organization
Publisher: 
World Health Organization
Publication Date: 
January 2004
Publication Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland

Research clarifying the role of gender in tuberculosis control is concerned with specific sociocultural, socioeconomic, and structural barriers affecting men and women, as distinct from sex-based differences in the biological vulnerability affecting epidemiology and pathophysiology of pulmonary TB. This review examines various studies in the literature of health and social science research and recent innovative studies undertaken by WHO/TDR (WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases).

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ISBN/ISSN: 
ISBN 9241592516

Integrating gender into HIV/AIDS programmes: a review paper

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
Department of Gender, Women and Health, World Health Organization
Publisher: 
World Health Organization
Publication Date: 
January 2003
Publication Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland

This review document brings together up-to-date knowledge on how gender norms increase the risk of, and vulnerability to, HIV/AIDS. It also reviews approaches for addressing gender in HIV/AIDS programmes as well as examples of different types of HIV/AIDS programmes.

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ISBN/ISSN: 
ISBN 9241590394

Gender dimensions of HIV status disclosure to sexual partners: rates, barriers and outcomes for women

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
Department of Gender, Women and Health, World Health Organization
WHO Cluster of Family and Community Health
Publisher: 
World Health Organization
Publication Date: 
January 2003
Publication Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland

The purpose of this document is to synthesize the current information available on HIV status disclosure in terms of the rates, barriers and outcomes of HIV status disclosure among HIV-infected individuals. Particular emphasis is placed on women’s experiences with disclosure to sexual partners. Through a comprehensive review of the literature and a solicitation of experiences and input from researchers and practitioners in the field, the report aims to identify the major barriers and describe programmatic and policy strategies that have been adopted to address these barriers and support women through the disclosure process. The report ends with a section on recommendations for ways to move forward to increase disclosure rates and the support available to women who would like to disclose their HIV status to their sexual partners safely.

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ISBN/ISSN: 
ISBN 9241590734

Gender in mental health research

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Resource Language: 
English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
Department of Gender, Women and Health, World Health Organization
Publisher: 
World Health Organization
Publication Date: 
January 2004
Publication Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland

The primary objective of this document is to argue for a greater emphasis on gender issues in mental health research. Although overall there is little difference between men and women in the prevalence of mental health problems, there are marked male:female differentials in the prevalence of specific disorders, especially the more common ones.

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ISBN/ISSN: 
ISBN 9241592532

Gender in lung cancer and smoking research

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
Department of Gender, Women and Health, World Health Organization
Publisher: 
World Health Organization
Publication Date: 
January 2004
Publication Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland

This document reviews the need for a gender-sensitive approach to lung cancer research. Lung cancer is a major cause of premature and avoidable mortality around the world, and although in more developed countries mortality rates are beginning to decrease, especially in men, the number of deaths from lung cancer in less developed countries is steadily increasing. While historically more men than women have died from lung cancer as a result of higher levels of smoking, the male:female mortality ratio is now showing signs of narrowing.

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ISBN/ISSN: 
ISBN 9241592524

Addressing violence against women and achieving millenium development goals

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
World Health Organization
Publisher: 
World Health Organization
Publication Date: 
January 2005
Publication Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland

Violence against women hinders progress in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This document highlights the connections between the MDGs and the prevention of violence against women by showing how: a) working towards the MDGs will reduce violence against women; and b) preventing violence against women will contribute to achieving the MDGs. It provides recommendations to address violence against women and promote progress towards the 8 MDGs.

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A summary of the "so what?" report: a look at whether integrating a gender focus into programmes makes a difference to outcomes

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
Charlotte Feldman-Jacobs
Publisher: 
World Health Organization
Publication Date: 
July 2005
Publication Place: 
Washington, DC

This summary of the full 'So what' report of 2004 provides policy-makers and programme mangers with four recommendations as to how to integrate gender concerns into reproductive health programmes. It highlights interventions that have had a positive impact on reproductive health outcomes, whether by exploiting, accommodating or transforming gender inequities, in four categories: maternal morbidity and mortality, unintended pregnancy, STIs/HIV/AIDS and quality of care.

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Gender, health and alcohol use

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English
Media Type: 
Paper
Online
Author: 
World Health Organization
Publisher: 
World Health Organization
Publication Date: 
September 2005
Publication Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland

Globally, alcohol has nearly the same disease burden as tobacco. Alcohol use and drinking patterns differ significantly between men and women, and the burden of disease attributable to alcohol use is higher in males compared to females. Yet, treatment programmes tend to be focused on men and sometimes overlook the needs of women with alcohol use disorders. This information sheet presents evidence about sex, gender and alcohol use and points out research gaps as well as policy implications.

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