LGBTTTIQ definitions*

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A LESBIAN is a girl/woman whose primary sexual orientation is toward other girls/women.

A BISEXUAL person is someone whose sexual orientation is toward men and women.

A GAY boy/man is someone whose primary sexual orientation is toward other boys/men.

A TRANSGENDERED person is someone who does not conform to society’s gender norms of masculine/feminine.

A TRANSSEXUAL is a person who has an intense and sometimes long-term experience of being the sex opposite to his or her birth-assigned sex. Specifically, a FEMALE-TO-MALE TRANSSEXUAL (TRANSMAN) is assigned a female sex at birth, but feels like a male and identifies as a (transsexual) boy/man.

A MALE-TO-FEMALE TRANSSEXUAL (TRANSWOMAN) is assigned a male sex at birth, but feels like a female and identifies as a (transsexual) girl/woman.

TRANS and TRANSPEOPLE are non-clinical terms that usually include transsexual, transgendered and other gender-variant people.

TWO-SPIRIT is an English word used by First Nation and other indigenous peoples for those in their cultures who are gay, lesbian, intersex, transsexual, transgendered or have multiple gender identities.

INTERSEX is the term that has recently replaced “hermaphrodite.” Intersex people possess some blend of male and female physical sex characteristics (see also,

QUEER is a term that has traditionally been used as a derogatory and offensive word for LGBTTTIQ people. Many have reclaimed this word and use it proudly to describe their identity.

CISGENDER, CISSEXUAL are terms used to describe people who, for the most part, identify as the gender and/or sex they were assigned at birth.**

Other relevant definitions

SEXUAL MINORITIES include people who identify as LGBTTTIQ.

GENDER MINORITIES include people who do not necessary identify as male or female. They may identify as transgender, transsexual, intersex or genderqueer, or none of these.

GENDERQUEER: this very recent term was coined by young people who experience a very fluid sense of both their gender identity and their sexual orientation, and who do not want to be constrained by absolute or static concepts. Instead, they prefer to be open to relocate themselves on the gender and sexual orientation continuums.

SEXUAL ORIENTATION is how someone thinks of oneself in terms of one’s emotional, romantic or sexual attraction, desire or affection for another person.

GENDERISM is the belief that there are and/or should be only two genders and that one's gender, or most aspects of it, are inevitably tied to biological sex. For example, any form that asks the person filling it out to specify their gender by checking off one of two boxes, one labelled male and the other female, reflects genderist attitudes.***

*Definitions (except where otherwise noted) are from Asking the Right Questions 2: Talking with clients about sexual orientation and gender identity in mental health, counseling and addiction settings by the Centre for Addiction & Mental Health

**Definition from Basic Rights Oregon.

***Definition from PFLAG Canada.