Search Resources (English): Drugs in water

5 results


Disinfection & Downstream Effects: Gender and the Implications of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in our Water

Trace levels of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are presently found in Canadian surface water and groundwater, and drinking water. Indeed, these compounds are starting to be acknowledged as pollutants that are persistent in our environment. Their ‘persistence’ is thought to derive not only from chemical properties that resist their breakdown in the environment, but from their continuous, and growing, release.

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Published: January 2011
Women and water

A website that seeks to contribute to the dialogue around Canadian water policy through water research that affects women and their health. Women have historical and traditional ties and spiritual relationships with water. In this way, water is of central importance to health broadly-defined (i.e. not just physical health). However, often women are not specifically studied or physical effects on women are measured in relation to the health of their unborn and new babies. This website will explore the gendered risks to women in a country where access to safe water is often taken for granted.

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Published: 2010
Full circle: drugs, the environment and our health (Chapter 9 of The Push to Prescribe: Women & Canadian Drug Policy)

The Push to Prescribe: Women & Canadian Drug Policy discusses the complexity surrounding women and pharmaceuticals and uses the best evidence to argue for changes that better reflect women's needs in public health policy and that ensure those who are best suited to make these determinations are included in policy-making.

This chapter looks from a public health perspective at the trace amounts of pharmaceuticals and personal care products that have been detected in Canadian water, with particular attention to women’s relationship to this issue.

The Push to Prescribe, edited by Anne Rochon Ford and Diane Saibil and published by Women’s Press, is available at your local bookstore or can be ordered online at

This chapter is being made available by National Network on Environments and Women's Health. Please note that this chapter is for individual use only and distribution is prohibited.

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Published: 2009
The gendered health effects of chronic low-dose exposures to chemicals in drinking water

Presents the results of research examining drinking water data in five case studies spanning communities across the country. The data was examined in the context of emerging epidemiological evidence on low-dose exposures and their potential health effects during key developmental and reproductive life stages that can create “windows of vulnerability” with a distinctly gendered character. Confirms that for Canadians, the quality of your drinking water, from a long-term health perspective, depends on where you live.

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Published: 2009
Full circle: drugs, the environment and our health

Discusses "drugs in the water": trace amounts of pharmaceuticals detected in Canada's lakes, rivers, streams, and tap water (as well as other chemicals such as that from food and drug products), and the ways in which women are particularly affected by ecosystem contamination with pharmaceutical and personal care products.

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Published: Fall/Winter 2008/2009