Search Resources (English): Gender and development

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Overview of activities: department of gender, women and health  
http://www.who.int/gender/GHW_overview_EN.pdf

The World Health Organization (WHO)'s department of Gender, Women and Health (GWH) aims to end gender-based inequities in health for women, girls, men and boys. This document provides an overview of the department's strategy, products and services to promote gender equality and women's empowerment across WHO programmes and management functions, to support WHO Member States in mainstreaming gender in national health policies and programmes and to raise public awareness of the contribution of gender equality to optimal health.

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Published: 2008
World development report 2012: gender equality and development   
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDR2012/Resources/7778105-1299699968583/7786210-1315936222006/Complete-Report.pdf

Argues that gender equality is a core development objective in its own right. Also argues that greater gender equality can enhance productivity, improve development outcomes for the next generation, and make institutions more representative.

Focuses on four priority areas for policy going forward: (i) reducing excess female mortality and closing education gaps where they remain, (ii) improving access to economic opportunities for women (iii) increasing women's voice and agency in the household and in society and (iv) limiting the reproduction of gender inequality across generations.

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Published: 2011
Gender, health and malaria  
http://www.who.int/gender/documents/gender_health_malaria.pdf

Malaria remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. A thorough understanding of the gender-related dynamics of treatment-seeking behaviour, as well as of decision-making, resource allocation and financial authority within households is key to ensuring effective malaria control programmes. This information sheet presents evidence about sex, gender and malaria and points out research gaps as well as policy implications.

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Published: June 2007
Gender and health eToolkit  
http://www.k4health.org/toolkits/igwg-gender

Provides practical, "how-to" methodologies and tools on gender that are designed to move health practitioners and managers from awareness and commitment to direct application and practice in policy and program design, implementation, research, capacity building and monitoring and evaluation. This is a companion site to the IGWG website ( http://www.igwg.org/ ) which has become a premier site for gender and reproductive health information, publications, and networking. The eToolkit broadens the set of resources available to USAID staff, contractors, gender experts, and other public health specialists and service providers. It provides access to hundreds of tools, to other gender toolkits and databases, and to prominent gender and health websites throughout the world. The eToolkit will be updated continuously to include new, relevant tools as they become available. Offline copies of the toolkit on CD or flash drive are available upon request.

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Women, ageing and health: a framework for action  
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241563529_eng.pdf

This framework for action addresses the health status and factors that influence women's health at midlife and older ages with a focus on gender. It provides guidance on how policy-makers, practitioners, nongovernmental organizations and civil society can improve the health and well-being of ageing women by simultaneously applying both a gender and an ageing lens in their policies, programmes and practices, as well as in research.

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Published: January 2007
Food sovereignty: power, gender, and the right to food  
http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.1001223;jsessionid=B3E96C8EB9C8EC441423EACDC629D616

Argues that gender is key to food insecurity and malnourishment because women and girls are disproportionately disempowered through current processes and politics of food's production, consumption, and distribution.

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Published: 2012
Engaging men and boys in changing gender-based inequity in health: evidence from programme interventions  
http://www.who.int/gender/documents/Engaging_men_boys.pdf

This review assesses the effectiveness of programme interventions seeking to engage men and boys in achieving gender equality and equity in health. Research with men and boys has shown how inequitable gender norms - social expectations of what men and boys should and should not do - influence how men interact with their partners, families and children on a wide range of issues. These include preventing the transmission of HIV and sexually transmitted infections, contraceptive use, physical violence, household tasks, parenting and their health-seeking behaviour.

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Published: January 2007
Resisting womanhood  
http://www.cwhn.ca/sites/default/files/PDF/Healthsharing/1981_Healthsharing_Winter.pdf

This article outlines the authors personal narrative, follows her adolescent development, gender journey, fear of sexuality, experiences with amenorrhea, body image and coming into feminism. 

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Published: 1981
WHO ethical and safety recommendations for researching, documenting and monitoring sexual violence in emergencies  
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241595681_eng.pdf

Sexual violence in humanitarian emergencies, such as armed conflict and natural disasters, is a serious public health and human rights issue. Yet, the prevalence of sexual violence is underreported almost everywhere in the world, and ethical and safety guidelines specific to the particular issues that arise during collection of information about sexual violence in emergencies are lacking. The ethical and safety guidelines (or recommendations) in this document are meant to complement existing internationally-agreed ethical guidelines for research and to inform ethics review processes. Failure to consider ethical and safety issues can result in harm to the physical, psychological and social well-being of those who participate and can even put lives at risk.

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Published: January 2007
Violence against sex sex workers and HIV prevention: information sheet  
http://www.who.int/gender/documents/hiv/sex_workers_bulletin/en/index.html

Sex workers are among those who are most vulnerable to HIV infection in the world today. This information sheet presents where and how violence against sex workers and HIV/AIDS do intersect and the opportunities to address violence against sex workers in HIV/AIDS programmes.

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Published: 2005